Greek-Turkish relations and answers to 20 critical questions - Wishevoke

Greek-Turkish relations and answers to 20 critical questions

The literature dealing with Greek-Turkish relations is extensive and covers a wide spectrum, including the history of the Greek-Turkish conflicts, the legal dimension of these disputes, the role of the third factor, the broader geopolitical context to which the belong to both actors involved. but also the options for Greek diplomacy.

Despite the rich bibliography, a project that would clearly and succinctly identify the basic strategic parameters of Greek-Turkish relations (geography/geopolitical Vorostism, history, economics, military power, military technology, alliances, etc.) was missing from the existing bibliography. The book is aimed at the general public, is written in simple language and serves as a strategic guide for Greek-Turkish relations.

Professors Athanasios Platias and Konstantinos Koliopoulos have laid out the conceptual framework of the 50 Rules of Strategy in their previous work (see The Art of Strategy, Athens, Diaulos Publications, 2021) and now apply these rules to the case study of Greek-Turkish relations. The transition from the theoretical to the empirical occurs in two stages. In the first phase, the analysis of the rules is carried out in a concise but intelligent way (the analysis of each rule deliberately does not exceed the length of a page). These rules decipher the logic of the strategy, its functioning and are based on a deep and realistic view of international relations, but also on a rough reading of the Greek-Turkish reality as it has been formed in the last decades. Based on the teachings of the classics – Thucydides, Sun Tzu, Machiavelli and Clausewitz – the authors outline a solid interpretive framework for strategic thinking. The rules include, but are not limited to, leadership, geography, morale, logistics, information, economy of force, risk and deception. The rules reflect truths documented not only in the laboratory of history, but also in the context of the Greek-Turkish confrontation.

However, the authors do not limit themselves to formulating the 50 rules, but also analyze central questions in the form of 20 questions and answers. Although some of these questions have been in public discourse for decades, the authors provide a rational framework for analysis and interpretation based on historical experiences from both Greek-Turkish and international practice.

The geopolitical orientation of Turkey, the role of the US in a possible Greek-Turkish crisis/conflict, demystifying the Europeanization of Turkey, the choice of first strike, the need to strengthen resilience and strategic communications, the importance of air control, demographics and Greece’s economic constraints, the risks arising from Ankara’s latent nuclearization, and the logic of balancing a revisionist Turkey are issues that have preoccupied Greek political life for decades. Finally, the above analysis is accompanied by an extensive appendix with 16 maps showing the Turkish claims (coastal shelf, EEZ, the “Blue Homeland” doctrine, the Turkish-Libyan memorandum regarding the hydrocarbon exploration license, etc.). This book does not limit itself to simple and popular interpretations, but asks difficult questions in the form of dark scenarios and offers alternative suggestions. By combining theory and practice, this book offers a fruitful reflection on the strategic decisions of Greece’s political leadership and is a reference work in the relevant literature.

Andreas N. Liaropoulos, Associate Professor, Department of International and European Studies, University of Piraeus

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